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National or International Consultancy: Operational Research on Behavioral Changes


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Tender Details

  • DR Congo
  • National or International Consultancy: Operational Research on Behavioral Changes - Barrier Analysis
  • 27th Jul 2019

Other Information

  • 34554907
  • ICB
  • UN System
  • UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN`S FUND
    Congo Tel: +243-81 88 46 746/81 70 96 215 Email : ywillemot@unicef.org/nssona@unicef.org
    DR Congo
    Email :ywillemot@unicef.org/nssona@unicef.org
    URL :https://www.unicef.org

Key Values

  • Tenders are invited for National or International Consultancy: Operational Research on Behavioral Changes - Barrier Analysis, P-3 / NO-3, SSA. 1. CONTEXT The Villages and Clean Schools Program (VEA) is the national program of the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo aimed at providing and / or expanding access to water, sanitation and the promotion of sanitation. hygiene in rural and peri-urban areas. The program includes a set of WASH activities in the villages as well as mili had academic, policy development and the development of capacities of local communities, implementing partners and the sect hadprivate (manual drilling and installation and maintenance of hand pumps). The Ministry of Health is coordinating the Sanitation Villages (VA) component of the program which also includes the Sanitation Health Centers (CSA) component and the Ministry of Education is coordinating the Sanitation Schools (EA) program. program also includes behavioral change activities in hygiene and capacity development. It is based on a key concept that encourages communities to become "sanitized villages / schools" by meeting minimum standards for water, sanitation and hygiene, developed and approved by the DRC government that a village or school must reach before to be able to be declared "cleansed". Using a community-led approach,in the village. The program consists of had x phases, the first from 2008 to 2012 and d was from nth 2013 to 2019. Phase 1 was to ensure access for 3.5 million people and 240,000 schoolchildren to WASH services and Phase 2 aims to support and increase the results of Phase 1 with the following objectives: • Support 3,380,091 Congolese in 4,870 villages and 475,000 students in 1,250 newly targeted schools to gain access and sustainable use of drinking water, adequate sanitation and adopt Best Quality beenres hygiene practices; • Ensure that 7500 villages and 2250 schools act collectively to protect and maintain a cleaner environment; • Provide support and technical assistance to the governance structures of the sect hadr WASH - at the national, provincial and local levels - to enable effective management and upgrading of sustainable WASH results. 2.JUSTIFICATION The PNEVA has developed a set of 7 standards that lead to the certification of villages. The "step by step" process is the program cycle to achieve certification. With the participation of the communities and the support of the National Program, the villages that follow the 8 steps of the process and that meet the 7 standards obtain the status of Village Assaini. The 7 standards are as follows: 1.The village has a dynamic committee.2.At least 80% of the population has access to drinking water.3.At least 80% of households use hygienic latrines.4.At least 80% of households dispose of garbage properly.5. At least 60% of the population wash their hands with soap or ashes before eating and after using the toilet.6.At least 70% of the population understands the pattern of disease transmission and the means of prevention. 7. At least once a month the village is cleaned. A sustainability study (Hydro Council, 2013) showed thathad LEMENT 2% of the villages hold hadr sanitized status over time (loss of at least 1 of 7 standards). With the launch of phase 2 in 2014, a post-certification monitoring (PC) mechanism was introduced in the program to ensure post-intervention sustainability water, sanitation and hygiene services. PC activities are community led so that they themselves find the solutions to catch up with the status and carried by the government. Post-certification follows the village on a 12-month cycle for at least 3 years. The analysis of the monitoring and evaluation unit of the WASH section of UNICEF made the following observations: -The results of maintaining the "sanitized" status at Post Certification in the villages stagnate at around 65% after the PC4,hadx standards for hygiene knowledge (Standard 6) and practices - handwashing (Standard 5) - are the most widely maintained norms at the community level, while a reasonable proportion of villages maintain access to drinking water (Standard 2). The standards for sanitation - access to sanitation (Standard 3) and waste management (Standard 4) - are the standards lost by the highest proportion of villages. The dynamic standard of the committee is also one of the most lost standards. -The lack of sustainability of practices related to sanitation and solid waste and in terms of community mobilization shows some important challenges in terms of behavior change at the household level. These trends are the same since the beginning of the post-certification process. One of the main challenges is social sustainability and the program should strengthen the support provided to communities for sustainable behavior change by acting at the household, individual and community levels. PC1PC2PC3PC4PC5N Village806444851834585207N Schools21321532873220128 Figure 1: Rate of maintenance of the sanitized status according to the PC visit Figure 2: Percentage of schools maintaining each of the standards (N = 4,150) The results of the intervention are therefore mixed due in large part to behaviors, perceptions and the degree of motivation of the populations. It is within this framework that this operational research is located which should allow us to One of the main challenges is social sustainability and the program should strengthen the support provided to communities for sustainable behavior change by acting at the household, individual and community levels. PC1PC2PC3PC4PC5N Village806444851834585207N Schools21321532873220128 Figure 1: Rate of maintenance of the sanitized status according to the PC visit Figure 2: Percentage of schools maintaining each of the standards (N = 4,150) The results of the intervention are therefore mixed due in large part to behaviors, perceptions and the degree of motivation of the populations. It is within this framework that this operational research is located which should allow us to One of the main challenges is social sustainability and the program should strengthen the support provided to communities for sustainable behavior change by acting at the household, individual and community levels. PC1PC2PC3PC4PC5N Village806444851834585207N Schools21321532873220128 Figure 1: Rate of maintenance of the sanitized status according to the PC visit Figure 2: Percentage of schools maintaining each of the standards (N = 4,150) The results of the intervention are therefore mixed due in large part to behaviors, perceptions and the degree of motivation of the populations. It is within this framework that this operational research is located which should allow us to individuals and communities. PC1PC2PC3PC4PC5N Village806444851834585207N Schools21321532873220128 Figure 1: Rate of maintenance of the sanitized status according to the PC visit Figure 2: Percentage of schools maintaining each of the standards (N = 4,150) The results of the intervention are therefore mixed due in large part to behaviors, perceptions and the degree of motivation of the populations. It is within this framework that this operational research is located which should allow us to individuals and communities. PC1PC2PC3PC4PC5N Village806444851834585207N Schools21321532873220128 Figure 1: Rate of maintenance of the sanitized status according to the PC visit Figure 2: Percentage of schools maintaining each of the standards (N = 4,150) The results of the intervention are therefore mixed due in large part to behaviors, perceptions and the degree of motivation of the populations. It is within this framework that this operational research is located which should allow us to people`s perceptions and levels of motivation. It is within this framework that this operational research is located which should allow us to people`s perceptions and levels of motivation. It is within this framework that this operational research is located which should allow us toeu x understand and adapt the program by apprehending the knowledge and perceptions of the populations vis-à-vis the community approach related in particular to sanitation practices and through the management committee. It will also include: ?If socio-cultural barriers may explain why standards 1, 3 and 4 are those that are least maintained. And if so, identify them and propose guidelines / recommendations. ?Si leadership and community dynamics are fact beenimportant for the success of the program. Based on the conclusions, propose recommendations?If the messages addressed to the communities during follow-up activities are well adapted to engage more people. Based on findings, propose recommendations Barrier analysis identifies the determinants associated with particular behavior in order to develop more effective behavior change strategies. To perform a barrier analysis we develop a questionnaire and do interviews with people who do the behavior (the Doers) and the people who do not do the behavior (Non-practitioners). 3. OBJECTIVE OF OPERATIONAL RESEARCH General Objective The objective of Operational Research is to understand the knowledge and understanding of people`s perceptions of the program`s approach and to identify the determinants that favor and oppose the maintenance of norms. dynamic committee, latrine use and solid waste management. It will also define the appropriate messages in order to obtain a change in actual and sustainable behavior. Specific Objectives The purpose of this research is to gain an in-depth understanding of PNEVA 1, 3 and 4 behaviors, to identify barriers, as well as beneficiary responses to the issues of individual sanitation, waste management and waste management. water committee, l It will also define the appropriate messages in order to obtain a change in actual and sustainable behavior. Specific Objectives The purpose of this research is to gain an in-depth understanding of PNEVA 1, 3 and 4 behaviors, to identify barriers, as well as beneficiary responses to the issues of individual sanitation, waste management and waste management. water committee, l It will also define the appropriate messages in order to obtain a change in actual and sustainable behavior. Specific Objectives The purpose of this research is to gain an in-depth understanding of PNEVA 1, 3 and 4 behaviors, to identify barriers, as well as beneficiary responses to the issues of individual sanitation, waste management and waste management. water committee, lhad r acceptance, had r importance and had r use by households supported by PNEVA in 6 cultural groups in the DRC to half had x understand the maintenance or loss of these three standards as part of the program. It will be a question of seeing the peculiarities of the approach in the 4 specific contexts and of identifying key lessons to initiate the community dialogue, to determine the impact of the social norms and the differences / similarities between the different population groups. The cultural areas are language-based and are: -Swahili (North Kivu, South Kivu, Tshopo), -Kikongo (Kwango, Kwilu, Central Kongo), -Tshiluba (Central Kasai, East Kasai, Sankuru) -Lingala ( Kinshasa, Equat hadr and South Ubangi)) messages tailored to overcome the loss standards will be defined in collaboration with the Communication section for Development (C4D) UNICEF DRC and monitoring of had r implementation will be conducted to determine the had Dr. relevance and effectiveness in the field. This operational research will half had x adapt the intervention, to guide or correct approaches and methods currently used to specifically meet the needs of bénéficiaires.4.CADRE RESEARCH This operational research is part of research on behavior in the use of latrines, working committee and waste management, in particular regarding the hadr acceptance. Villages that have been supported since the beginning of the program in the 4 defined cultural groups will be the subject of the research. As prescribed methodology, 50 "doers" and 50 "non-doers" will be questioned about the had rs practices. The search results will half hadx adapt the program and approaches based on findings and recommendations for wide-scale application to the country. 5. WORK SCOPE / ESSENTIAL TASKS. -Develop the survey and train the members of the research team -Compile the data obtained in the field and analyze them -Propose recommendations to adapt the messages and / or the community approach of the program in the contexts studied; -Test, control and monitor the implementation of the recommendations made at the field level and refine recommendations if needed; -Propose conclusions for Best Quality been re implementation of the approach, for its scaling the Best Quality hadr cost for maximum efficiency. 6. DURATION OF THE CONSULTATION The duration of this consultation is 6 months including all stages: desk review, data collection phase, production of reports, reporting of results and finalization of reports based on the integrated comments. The deadlines below are indicative and will be refined by the consultant in its proposal in the technical offer: -Design of the investigation-Animation 2 day training for 15 collect beenrs of data (1 day of test) -30 days of data collection in the field (5 days per cultural context) -18 days of remote data analysis (3 days per cultural context) -54 days of mission ( March 3-day missions in each cultural group) -Results / conclusions of the discussion of the workshop one day with the team 7.PRINCIPAUX AVAILABLE EXPECTED start ?Rapport including tools, sampling, indicat hadrs to be measured and the analysis plan?Analysis report ?Report of operational research with recommendations and formulation of appropriate messages as well as analysis of the relevance and effectiveness of the proposed messages in the change of behaviors of beneficiaries of the project 8.PROFIL cONSULTANT the consultant responsible for the operational research must have more than 5 years of experience in the field of evaluation or research, preferably having already conducted studies on the sect had social rs DRC. The consultant must: -Be specialized (e) in empirical research (anthropologist, sociologist) and generating evidence for policy advocacy, and recognized for its Rigu hadscientific r; -Have proven experience in the organization and management of qualitative surveys, preferably in African countries, including a solid experience (at least 5 years) in the planning and organization of survey logistics with a capacity to recruit and quickly form a good network of enquêt hadrs; -Demonstrate solid experiences in the collection of quantitative and qualitative data, data mining and analysis; - Have a mastery of software like SPSS, STATA, CSPRO; EXCEL and qualitative analysis software (names to look for) -Have a good mastery of data collection on CAPI -Have a mastery of the computer tool. For the consultant, the proven knowledge of the Democratic Republic of Congo is necessary. The consultant will be pr had `ve a great capacity for analysis and interpretation of the facts, synthesis and writing and good work experience at Community level. P The consultant hadt propose any additional expertise that he / she deems relevant for carrying out the assignment. 9. CONSULTANT SELECTION PROCESS The consultant interested in the research will have to present a complete file composed of the following three elements: -Technical offer: document of a maximum of 15 pages where the consultant explains (a) the interpretation Terms of Reference; (b) the suggested approach and methods for answering the questions (specific objectives) posed in the Terms of Reference, including a detailed plan of the data to be collected and the proposed collection methods; (c) a provisional work plan with deliverables and detailed deadlines. The Curriculum Vitae (CV) of the consultants must be attached to the technical offer. -Financial offer: a frame with the detailed budget (according to the enclosed outline, see annex) to cover all the activities foreseen in the work plan, including logistics (perdiem and others), fees, indirect costs and possible costs of research assistants Financial offers will be evaluated by the Review Committee Contracts. The terms of payment will be as follows: - (a) 25% upon approval of the start-up report submitted for validation and presenting the whole methodological approach, the tools to be used, the detailed chronogram; - (b) 30% of the submission of the provisional report satisfactory to UNICEF and validated by a committee; - (c) 45% of the submission of the satisfactory final report, approved by UNICEF and the Committee, including the return of results. 10.SYNTHESIS DELIVERABLES -Start report (detailed methodological approach, sampling, How to apply: UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion in its workforce, and encourages qualified female and male candidates from all over the world, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become part of our organization. To apply, click on the following link http://www.unicef.org/about/employ/?job=523732 [Disclaimer: The above text is machine translated. For accurate information kindly refer the original document.]

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